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Ruth Brown (January 12/January 30, 1928 – November 17, 2006) was an American singer-songwriter and actress also known as "Queen of R&B" noted for bringing a pop music style to R&B music in a series of hit songs for Atlantic Records in the 1950s, such as"So Long", "Teardrops from My Eyes" and "(Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean".[1] For these contributions, Atlantic became known as "The house that Ruth built" (alluding to the popular nickname for Old Yankee Stadium).[2][3]

Following a resurgence that began in the mid-1970s and peaked in the 1980s, Brown used her influence to press for musicians' rights regarding royalties and contracts, which led to the founding of the Rhythm and Blues Foundation.[4] Her performances in theBroadway musical Black and Blue earned Brown a Tony Award, and the original cast recording won a Grammy Award. Brown died in a Las Vegas-area hospital on November 17, 2006, from complications following a heart attack and stroke she suffered after surgery in the previous month. She was 78 years old.[16] A memorial concert for her was held on January 22, 2007 at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York.[citation needed]

Brown is buried at Roosevelt Memorial Park, Chesapeake City, Virginia.[17]

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